Zionism crimes against Palestinian children/Jehad A. Bark

Zionism crimes against Palestinian children/Jehad A. Bark

The Israeli occupation authorities violate the highest international standards, human rights norms and international humanitarian law towards prisoners
Palestinians - especially children - and take many brutal methods from torture to beating, arrest and during
Investigations and detention centers, and there are many factual testimonies of children who have fallen into such harsh conditions and will be
Circulation in this research report.
Israeli practices contravene the rules of international law in general and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1998, which stressed the necessity
To protect children and diversify their lives and opportunities in development and development, so that international covenants are encouraged
States' obligation not to deprive children of their liberty or to treat them harshly or brutally or to deprive them of their right to remain.
However, these conventions have not been complied with by the Israeli occupation government, and all international conventions and treaties are out of the question
Through its daily practice against Palestinian children, and this will be presented in this report through:
First: A statistical look at Israeli arrests of Palestinian children
Second: Israeli executive and legislative measures targeting the children of Palestine
Third: Israeli violations of international humanitarian law and human rights norms
Fourth: the different suffering of Palestinian children in the investigation and detention
Fifth: Proposals

There is no doubt that the issue of Palestinian prisoners held in Israeli jails of occupation has highlighted the real face of barbarity
The Israeli occupation, which has lost weight to international laws and customs, since the occupation of the Israeli entity of the Palestinian territories
In 1967 and thus its control over the entire Palestinian territories, followed the policy of mass arrests
All ages are indiscriminate between a boy, a woman or an elderly person, and official reports from human rights organizations indicate
And others, that more than 1 million Palestinians have been arrested or detained by the Israeli occupation forces since 1967, was
Among the detainees are 12 thousand citizens, tens of thousands of children and dozens of bodies of martyrs, including martyrs during an uprising
Since 1967, more than 200 prisoners have been martyred in Israeli prisons as a result of torture, medical negligence and liquidation
During and after the arrest, and direct live bullets at them in prisons by soldiers and guards
The report of the martyrs in the prisons, 70 detainees were martyred as a result of torture, 51 detainees due to medical negligence and 74 detainees
As a result of premeditated murder and 7 prisoners as a direct result of shooting by soldiers and guards.
Also, the Israeli occupation forces have arrested more than 70,000 Palestinians out of an estimated 8,000 Palestinian children
Since the Al-Aqsa Intifada began on 28 September 2000.
From 2000 to 2015, the Israeli occupation forces arrested more than 8,500 Palestinian children, where they were tried
Before the military courts after being charged with throwing stones, and the nature of the sentences were harsh, ranging from life
And high fines, in addition to the Palestinian children subjected to cruel and degrading treatment, where varied in
Its means of torture, denial of education and treatment to isolation from the outside, and their integration with criminal prisoners
And all this comes in the context of the Israeli occupation government's violation of the highest humanitarian standards and human rights norms
And international humanitarian law
In a joint official report between the Palestinian Prisoners' Club and the Prisoners' Affairs and Editors' Association, it was issued on the occasion of a day
The Palestinian prisoner on April 17, 2016 documented the detention of an estimated 400 Palestinian children out of 7000 Palestinian prisoners
In the prisons of the occupation distributed between the prison of Megiddo and Ofer, including 16 children and a minor girl, and in the same report it has been documented since
At the beginning of the Al-Aqsa Intifada in 2000, 90,000 arrests were recorded, including more than 11,000 children under the age of 18 years and over
1300 Palestinian women and more than 65 deputies and ministers, and after the Israeli aggression on the sanctity of Al-Aqsa Mosque since
During the months of October, November, and December 2015, Israeli forces arrested 4,800 Palestinians
Including 1,400 Palestinian children and minors, mostly from Hebron and Jerusalem
Buthaina Dukmak - that 8,500 children have been brought to Israeli courts since November 2001 until the end of 2015
According to official reports issued by the Wa'id Association for Prisoners and Liberators and the Ministry of Prisoners' Affairs 4 on the total arrests
For children in 2016 from 350 to 1384, representing 21% of the total number of arrests
In 2017, 80 Palestinian children and 700 children between the ages of 8 and 16 were arrested
According to UNICEF report 5, where they were interrogated by the Israeli army and police5.
It should be noted that Israel views every Palestinian as an enemy regardless of the age group, and therefore it is
All its security, military and political institutions are mobilizing to put the children of Palestine in their information bank
With the aim of torturing the Palestinian people in general and monitoring the activities of Palestinian children in order to deter them by executive means
And its legislative and this will be discussed in the next axis of research and report in the next face
Second: The Israeli executive and legislative measures that target the children of Palestine
There is no doubt that the Israeli-Israeli state has adopted a systematic policy to impose control over the Palestinian people through
The issuance of many military orders and legislation issued by the Israeli Knesset in violation of the rules of international law
Which defined the relationship between the state of occupation and the Palestinian citizens
- The Israeli occupation will deal with the issue of deterring the Palestinians in general and the children of Palestine in particular

Four of the military orders mentioned in the research report are as follows:

Military Order No. 378

Which is the procedural and criminal law applicable in military courts and includes crimes - the destruction of military facilities

Israeli occupation, possession of weapons and explosive materials (punishment for life), and throwing of objects, including stones

Persons or property, a maximum penalty of ten years.

Stones thrown by Palestinian children were charged in Israeli military courts in 2009, and under

This military order can detain Palestinians and children without distinction, up to eight days and then the offer on

The military judge, while the Israeli is presented to the judge within 24 hours

(B) Military Order No. 132 of 4 September 1967,

He defined the child as a person under the age of 16, regardless of the Israeli definition

With regard to the Israeli child as a person under the age of 18, which violates the military order to define

Convention on the Rights of the Child - and the military order allowing the occupation authority to arrest children under the age of twelve

For six months and without specific charges

C. Military Order No. 1591, authorizing the detention of children and persons in administrative detention without charge or trial

D - Military Order No. 1644, which established the Military Court of Events on October 1, 2009

2 - The occupation authorities began to apply the provisions of the British Emergency Law of 1945, in addition to several laws

The Tammer Act, which allows for administrative detention without specific charges for detainees and the law of unlawful combatants,

Which allows for the extension of the period of detention of those who have completed their term of office under the pretext of being subject to the new law.

Continuing the Israeli methodology and criminal policy targeting the Palestinian people, it has increased in frequency

In Jerusalem, the Israeli occupation and under the legislation that formed the cover for its crimes

The death penalty in the field in accordance with the law of field executions issued by the Israeli Knesset in case

Suspicion If a person tries to challenge the settlers, this law allows the occupying forces to execute

Without prior trials or charges, 7 and the Israeli Knesset approved the law on tighter punishment

To the stone throwers, with the courts being forced to commute the sentence between two years and a maximum of four years, which goes on

In which the Legislative Council of the occupation is in constant contradiction with the meaning of penal policy in the Criminal Code, and add

Therefore, the Israeli Knesset approved the first reading of a bill allowing the imposition of the sentence of actual imprisonment

Palestinian children under the age of 14, as well as the laws of the execution of prisoners 8 and the law of terrorism and law enforcement

Criminal offenses against security prisoners. And the law of lifting the provisions approved by the Knesset in 2015

Palestinian children are subject to high sentences, such as life imprisonment and long terms ranging from one year to one year

15 years, in addition to the combination of these provisions with high fines of 1000-6000 - shekels, and from another destination find

That Palestinian Jerusalemites were reportedly subjected to such high fines in Israeli judicial decisions

The lawyers who claim them, in addition to the guarantees that are defined as third party guarantees, and residence

House arrest and expulsion from their place of residence.

Third: Israeli violations of international humanitarian law and human rights norms
To determine the beginning of the most prominent violations of the Zionist child prisoners and then we address the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child -
1. There is no doubt that international conventions and treaties have provided protection to ensure that States respect these conventions and treaties
In practice, however, the Zionist state of occupation disguises the international protection provided by more than 27 international conventions for children
Through its harsh practices, and in violation of international conventions and laws, both its executive and legislative organs
Do not allow detainees to consult a lawyer
• To force children to sign testimonies in Hebrew, with children not understanding their content
Do not allow detainees' families to attend the investigation or visits
The houses were raided by the Israeli occupation forces after midnight to dawn
The attackers were beaten during arrest and during interrogation
Restriction of children with plastic restraints
Insult and insult
Death threats and sexual violence
. Shelter them in centers in harsh psychological conditions before their transfer to detention centers
Torture, cruelty, torture and inhuman and cruel treatment
Heavy beatings in jeeps or military trucks by hand and rifle butts
They are removed from military trucks so that the soldiers' feet are placed on the heads and shoulders of the children
They are placed in a dirt pit from the afternoon until midnight. He is blindfolded and handcuffed without food or drink
2. Israel ratified the 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1991
Accordingly, it has the obligation to implement all rights and protections listed in the Convention, but the Zionist practices
Denied the rules of conventions relating to the rights of the child, as confirmed by the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child on monitoring
Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, is deeply concerned by the complaints made to it regarding inhumane practices
Torture and ill-treatment of Palestinian children during arrest, interrogation and detention, in addition to violating the law
International law, in particular article 16 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which states: "No exposure shall be arbitrary or unlawful- The child in his or her private life, his or her family, home or correspondence, or any unlawful violation of his or her honor or reputation. "
Therefore, the child has the right to be protected by the law from such exposure or prejudice.
It is worth mentioning that these violations and the Zionist crimes committed against the Palestinian children are affected
Danger to their reality, their future, their health and their intellectual system.
Article 37 (b) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child states that "no child shall be deprived of his liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily. The detention, detention or imprisonment of a child shall be carried out in accordance with the law and may be exercised only as a last resort and for the shortest appropriate period of time."
According to a report prepared by the Committee for Prisoners' Affairs, the Defense for Children International and the Palestinian Prisoner Club Association, the suffering of children during the detention experience begins from the stage of detention through investigation and trial to the district of Mahkumiya.
Article 37 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child also contains an obligation on Israel in a manner consistent with the provisions of the Convention
"States Parties shall ensure that no child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel or inhuman treatment or punishment
Or degrading punishment, and does not impose the death penalty or life imprisonment for crimes committed by persons under the age of 18 years
Without the possibility of their release, and that no child shall be deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily.
Needless to say /
The report was completed into a set of conclusions as follows
1. The Israeli occupation is in constant contradiction with international ethics and literature in dealing with a weak group
In communities, the most favored children category when implementing procedures or legislating laws
2. The Israeli occupation with its executive and legislative organs is a partner in the violation of international agreements relating to children
3. The detained children are subject to a systematic Zionist policy of torture and humiliation
4. The weakness of the relevant international organizations in forcing Israel to comply with the Convention on the Rights of the Child
5 - Occupation practices contradict and violate the Geneva Conventions
6. The occupation practices fall under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

Proposals:
1. Work on opening a session of the World Summit for Children 1990, at the United Nations Headquarters - New York, which brings together
A large number of Heads of State and Government with a view to examining the situation of the world's children in terms of their development and development
Stability, and research into the extent to which States parties are committed to the CRC, and to address Israeli policies
Systematic approach against the Palestinian people in general and Palestinian children in particular, which in practice violates international norms
Which requires reconsideration of Israel's membership of the Convention on the Rights of the Child
2. Activating human rights organizations as a lobbying body for the United Nations to ensure Israel's respect for international conventions
3 - Activating the Arab Parliament with international parliaments to show the Zionist legislative crime against Palestinian children
In particular, and thus punish the Israeli Knesset as a partner in the war crimes committed against the Palestinian people
And Palestinian children in particular, and Zionist legislation committed crimes against humanity, which falls under the Charter
Rome to the International Criminal Court
4. Opening social institutions for the care of Palestinian children after their liberation from the Israeli occupation prisons, as a prelude
To reintegrate them into the Palestinian community as a result of severe torture and long periods of detention
5 - The need to increase research and studies related to the detention of Palestinian children
6 - the need to activate and activate conferences and forums and the use of modern technology to show the image of Zionist criminality
And its violation of international conventions, and the need to besiege it internationally to comply with the resolutions of the International Charter and in particular
Human rights and international humanitarian law


Sources :
1. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Report

2. The Committee for the Affairs of Prisoners and Liberators

3 - Palestinian Prisoner Club, the prisoners and prisoners' affairs

4 - Islam Abdo, the information department in the Ministry of Prisoners Affairs

5. Promising Association of Prisoners and Detainees, UNICEF 2017 Report

6 - the site of a free platform for culture, thought and literature

7 - Islamic Unity, No. 173, 2016

8 - Palestinian News and Information Agency - Wafa 1-2-2018

9. International Movement for the Defense of Children, International Association for the Defense of Children's Rights

10-Al-Quds Al-Arabi, December 16, 2016




التعليقات
الرجاء من السادة القراء ومتصفحي موقعنا الإلكتروني، الالتزام بالحوار البناء وآداب وقواعد النقاش عند كتابة الردود و التعليقات. وتجنب استعمال الكلمات النابية أو الحاطة للكرامة الإنسانية، فكيفما كان الخلاف في الرأي يجب أن يسود الاحترام بين الجميع... مع كل الإحترام والتقدير إليكم من إدارة موقع منارة الشرق للثقافة والإعلام.